Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Winnili Tribe II: Origo Gentis Langobardorum

This video is based upon Paul the Deacon's eighth century summary, located in the early chapters of his book 'History of the Lombards' ("Historia Gentis Langobardorum"), of the 'Origo Gentis Langobardorum' ("origin of the Lombard people") written in the seventh century.

The Origo Gentis Langobardorum is a short 7th century text, detailing a legend of the origin of the Lombards, and their history up to the rule of Perctarit (672688). It is preserved in three Manuscripts of the Leges Langobardorum,

The Historia gentis Langobardorum (history of the Lombards) is the chief work by Paul the Deacon, written in the late 8th century.

This incomplete history in six books was written after 787 and at any rate no later than 796, maybe at Montecassino. It covers the story of the Lombards from 568 to the death of King Liutprand in 747, and contains much information about the Byzantine empire, the Franks, and others. The story is told from the point of view of a Lombard patriot and is especially valuable for the relations between the Franks and the Lombards. Paul used the document called the Origo gentis Langobardorum, the Liber pontificalis, the lost history of Secundus of Trent, and the lost annals of Benevento; he made a free use of Bede, Gregory of Tours and Isidore of Seville.

The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe who settled in the valley of the Danube and from there invaded Byzantine Italy in 568 under the leadership of Alboin. They established a Kingdom of Italy which lasted until 774, when it was conquered by the Franks. Their influence on Italian political geography is apparent in the regional appellation Lombardy.

[Note: During the first millennium A.D., Scandinavia was considered an island, and was referred to as "Scadinavia."]

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