Thursday, May 23, 2019

Predator or Prey?

The FBI Files: Season 6 - Ep 16 "Radical Resistance"

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In the 1970s, a Croatian terrorist group linked to the National Resistance party committed acts against non-supportive Croatians living in the United States. With the help of an informant, the FBI apprehended, arrested and convicted members of the group of crimes ranging from conspiracy and extortion to murder.

THE FBI FILES reveals the crime busting techniques and forensic science used by the FBI to solve the most baffling cases. Former head of the FBI's New York Office James Kallstrom hosts these true stories of crime and detection.


Croatian National Resistance

The Croatian National Resistance (Croatian: Hrvatski narodni otpor, HNO), also referred to as Otpor, was an Ustaša organization founded in the aftermath of the Second World War in Spain. The HNO ran a terrorist organisation, Drina, which continued to be active well into the 1970s.

The organization operated between legitimate emigre functions and a thuggish underworld. Its leaders tried to distance the organization from the acts of the so-called renegade elements. It embraced a radical nationalist ideology that differed only marginally from Ustaše ideology.

The HNO had stated, in their constitution, that:

"We regard Yugoslavism and Yugoslavia as the greatest and only evil that has caused the existing calamity... We therefore consider every direct or indirect help to Yugoslavia as treason against the Croatian nation... Yugoslavia must be destroyed—be it with the help of the Russians or the Americans, of Communists, non-Communists or anti-Communists—with the help of anyone willing the destruction of Yugoslavia: destroyed by the dialectic of the word, or by dynamite—but at all costs destroyed."

The organization published its own magazine, Drina. It existed until 1991.


Croatian nationalism

Croatia is a distinct ethnicity with it's own genuine history, language, and culture. Of that, there is no question.

The Ustaša

The Croatian Revolutionary Movement, Fascist in ideology.

The Catholic Church and the Ustaša

During World War II, the Catholic Church backed the Ustaša in an effort to form a new Croatian state which would be fully Catholic. This happening---and the many war crimes of the Ustaša, along with knowledge by the church, and participation by Croatian church officials---has overwhelmingly been buried and spun by the financial and political power of the church. 

Old Croatian-American communities

There have been Croatian-American communities in many corners of the United States going back a century and beyond. Chicago, Pittsburgh, southeast Louisiana, San Francisco, Sacramento, Los Angeles... the list is long. I have a cousin in a more-or-less rural area in Pennsylvania, and she says there's a strong old Croatian community where she lives. When my family came to this country and settled in Upper Michigan, there was a Croatian community just as old as the Lombardo-Venetian community there. More recent Croatian immigrants have settled in other places like Seattle, Phoenix, locations in Florida and numerous other locales.

Croatian American Association (or here)

During the crisis in Yugoslavia during the late 80s/early 90s, the CAA organized meetings and a structure made up of leaders from all over the U.S. in regards to how to deal with the continuing crisis (at that time). There were a series of YouTube videos about this, but they seem to have disappeared. It certainly showed a tremendous amount of pride, passion, cultural continuity, and social cohesian between older Croatian communities and more recent arrivals.

Croatian National Resistance (Hrvatski narodni otpor) in America

The HNO was much the same as the ETA in the Basque Country, the FLNC in Corsica, the IRA in Ireland, and other separatist groups which resorted to terrorism. On the other hand, many consider the Sons of Liberty to have been basically a terrorist group, which brings up the hypocrisy of the topic. One person's "freedom fighter" is another person's "terrorist." Seldom to people look at the hardships perpetrated on both sides of any conflict.

What made the HNO a bit different is that they wrongly brought terror to the United States, imposing a "revolutionary tax" on successful Croatian-American businessmen. It should be stated that both parties were among the arrivals of recent decades. It probably also perhaps should be stated that the IRA had committed bank robberies in the U.S., for example in Boston, to finance themselves... as well as purchasing arms from Irish-American gangsters.

Parallels between "the Balkans" and "the Italian peninsula"

Although there were inherently more cultural elements which tied the various "nations" of the Italian peninsula together in 1860, there is not all that much difference between it and the Balkans. The peninsula also had different cultures and languages. For example, Lumbardia (pronounced "Loom-bar-DEEE-ah") was essentially a nation, with it's own distinct language. The Lumbard language is NOT a "dialect of Italian"... although it's linguistically related to Roman/Latin. Much of it is made up of words of proto-European and Gaulish origin. In a perfect world, Lumbardia would be a nation in its own right, and possessing a larger area than the current defined region.

The greater Veneto, Tuscany, Calabria, Sicilia, etc., all have their own distinct culture and native tongue... just as the competing nations of the Balkans have. However, they have long been united by a common religion. We can't blame this apathy entirely on circumstance. The Croatians have demonstrated the will and fortitude as a people--even across oceans!--to fight for their ancestral homeland. By being apathetic, even in terms of what might be good for the whole peninsula, we now get a steady diet of this....

Even locally in parts of the Bay Area where there was once quite a prominence of Italian-American culture even just twenty or thirty years ago, a recent "techie" arrival would never know that we were ever here. One would never have the faintest idea of the 100-year link between Genoa and San Francisco. Just yesterday in the late afternoon I was at a successful local business owned by a proud family in Colma with old roots in Liguria. After purchasing something, one of them said a simple phrase to me in Italian as we parted company.

While driving home I thought to myself that I was sorry that I didn't respond to his phrase from in a more explicit manner.. in Italian. Here there is a big (gay) "PRIDE" mural right down the street from that establishment, and I can't even say two words in Italian? It's like subconsciously accepting our rapid demise. In the old days, we didn't feel the need to "cut out a slice of society for ourselves," as this was just our home, period. It just belonged to all who lived here.

In nature, in any given circumstance, a creature is either predator or prey. Sadly with super-Capitalism, mass migration, and the new surge in identity, radical, and behavioral politics... human society is now much the same. In the film 'Wall Street', financial predator Gordon Gekko said flatly "You are either INSIDE or you are OUTSIDE." I offer this to our people, south Italians, Croatians, Slavs, and other similar people.... right now we are OUTSIDE. What the Croatian National Resistance did wasn't the right thing to do... however, doing nothing is worse. Even discussing what one "might do" is still better than doing absolutely nothing.

The people who absolutely dominate this country---and are behind that mural... and a thousand other things that disable us with their veiled supremacism---meet every July in Marin County not far from here, and they hate us! We're archaic people who need to be replaced or go away. It's that simple. If you took all responsible, wittingly or unwittingly, for local studio apartment to be as high as $5,000 a month.... and imposed that horrible and unreasonable THING upon the hometowns that they originally came from.... their hometowns would become ghost towns overnight.... and we stand for this??

It's all part of the same thing----whether it's a supernational entity totally disempowering a people like what was happening in Croatia, or gentrifying a people out've existence in favor of others, or taxing a people out've existence, or denigrating their culture in favor of their own, or surveiling them without having to show cause----as the prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens--Pericles--once said: "Just because you do not take an interest in politics doesn't mean politics won't take an interest in you."

The right wing/left wing folly

It's not difficult to see the problems of a nationalist movement taking on the veneer of "Fascism" or "Communism".... which are both moronic expressions to reflect just how "angry they are." Sure, there are plenty of reasons to be very angry, but they harm their cause by making it all about a general politic... instead of about flesh and blood.... about the soul of a people. Sinn Féin didn't help it's cause by attaching itself to Communists and terrorists. Lega Nord doesn't now help it's cause by even accepting the "far right" label... literally accepting the title that the enemy has given you. Native Americans who fought for their land were not "right-wing extremists." There are Russian nationalists, both Fascist and Communist, who hate each other and have even killed each other... even though they seem to support the same cause.

Remember.... Croatia did eventually win its independence.... and did not end up with a Fascist, Communist, or Globalist government, but a government which has maintained security for its people.


Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Lake Antorno featured now in Windows 10 Spotlight

Lake Antorno

Lago d'Antorno is located in the Dolomites; the province of Belluno in the Veneto.


Revisioning drawing of Lisa del Giocondo

Lisa del Giocondo

Lisa del Giocondo (née Gherardini; June 15, 1479 – July 15, 1542) was an Italian noblewoman and member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany. Her name was given to the Mona Lisa, her portrait commissioned by her husband and painted by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance.

Little is known about Lisa's life. Born in Florence and married in her teens to a cloth and silk merchant who later became a local official, she was a mother to five children and led what is thought to have been a comfortable and ordinary middle-class life. Lisa outlived her husband, who was considerably her senior.

Centuries after Lisa's death, the Mona Lisa became the world's most famous painting and took on a life separate from Lisa, the woman. Speculation by scholars and hobbyists made the work of art a globally recognized icon and an object of commercialization. In 2005, Lisa was definitively identified as the model for the Mona Lisa.


'Dark family history behind Mona Lisa's sad smile revealed in new book'

'Leonardo da Vinci never finished the Mona Lisa because he injured his arm while fainting, experts say'



Roman coins from Breathitt County, Kentucky

The above three coins were found in a cave shelter in Breathitt County, Kentucky, by Mr. Michael Wayne Griffith of the same county. Mr. Griffith has found another 9 or so similar coins, but the three depicted are the best preserved of the group.

A few years ago the three depicted were examined hands-on by Norman Totten, Professor of History, now Emeritus, at Bentley College. Totten identified the two thinner coins (the top two above) as antoniniani, a type of bronze Roman coin minted between 238 and 305 A.D. The obverses (left photos) depict an unidentifiable emperor wearing the distinctive "solar crown" of the period. The reverse of the top one, in the right photo, depicts two figures standing facing what apparently is a central altar, while that of the middle one depicts a female standing figure facing left with a cornucopia in her right hand.

These would originally have had a silver surface, long since gone. The third coin is thicker, and depicts a bust facing right, wearing a laureate wreath rather than a crown. The reverse, according to Totten, is perhaps a figure of a centaur walking to the right and looking back. Its flan (the metal disk from which coin is made) seems to be of a North African (Egyptian) or Middle Eastern type. This coin probably dates to a similar period to that of the two antoniniani (singular antoninianus). While Totten is confident that the coins are genuine, he warns that such coins are easy to obtain from coin dealers.

In 1963, a small hoard of Roman coins from the same approximate period, and in a much better state of preservation, was found during bridge construction on the north bank of the Ohio River, at the Falls of the Ohio, opposite Louisville, Kentucky.

Breathitt Co., population 16,100 in 2000, is on the upper Kentucky River, in the southeastern portion of the state. The county seat is Jackson, pop. 2,490. Two of the larger towns are named Quicksand and Lost Creek, but the 2000 U.S. Census couldn't find either. The nearest metropolis is Hazard (which may or may not be the inspiration for the "Dukes of Hazzard" TV series), pop. 4,806, and one county to the south.

Mr. Griffith is difficult to contact, but is known to Mr. David Feldman, President of Feldman Lumber Co. in Lancaster, Ky.

The author wishes to thank Prof. Norman Totten, Dr. John Payne, of Berea, Ky., and Mr. David Feldman of Lancaster, Ky., for their invaluable assistance. 


Roman Head from Calixtlahuaca, Mexico

Roman coins from the Falls of the Ohio River, Indiana

Roman shipwreck near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Gianfranco Rosi vs Duane Thomas 03-01-1988

Boxing Syko

WBC World Super Welterweight Title Fight

Venue: Palazzo Dello Sport, Genoa, Liguria, Italy


Gianfranco Rosi

Gianfranco Rosi (born 5 August 1957) retired Italian boxer who was a two-time world champion in the light-middleweight division.

Professional career

Rosi turned pro in 1979 and won the WBC light-middleweight title in 1987 by decisioning Lupe Aquino. He lost the belt in 1988 when he was dominated by Donald Curry. Rosi was down once in 2nd, 4th and 8th and down twice in 7th, failing to answer the bell starting the 10th round.

In 1989 he won the IBF light-middleweight title by outpointing the undefeated Darrin Van Horn. He went on to successfully defend the title an impressive 11 times. In 1994 he had a technical draw against Vincent Pettway, and in the rematch later that year Pettway KO'd Rosi, ending his long reign.

In 1995 he took on WBO light-middleweight title holder Verno Phillips and won a decision, but Rosi failed a drug test and Phillips was reinstated as champion. The result of the bout was changed to a No Contest. In 1997 he lost a rematch to Phillips and retired.

In 2003 he came out of retirement, and finally retired in 2006 at the age of 49 with a pro record of 62 wins (18 KOs), 6 losses, and 1 draw.

Amateur career

Rosi had a record of 94 wins - 2 losses - 4 draws Highlights:

1976 Italian Light-Welterweight Champion

1977 Italian Welterweight Champion


Born in Assisi in the province of Perugia (Umbria), Gianfranco Rosi took a 32-1 record into a European Welterweight Championship bout in 1984 with future world welterweight champion Lloyd Honeyghan from the UK. Rosi lost his first big bout, but won his next nine--including winning the European Junior Middleweight title and defending it twice--and took a 41-2 record into a bout with world champion Luge Aquino of Mexico, a much more dangerous opponent than Honeyghan. Rosi won a unanimous decision to take the belt.

There were so many outstanding boxers worldwide in the 80s, especially between 147 and 160 pounds. Next he defended the belt against another very hard punching boxer, former champion Duane Thomas of Detroit, winning by knockout. Although he lost in his next defense against former welterweight champion Donald Curry, he eventually won the world title back and defended it eleven times before losing.


The Discovery and Restoration of Leonardo da Vinci's Long-Lost Painting "Salvator Mundi" | Robb Report

Robb Report

Leonardo da Vinci is one of history's greatest artists and thinkers. Only about 15 of his paintings are known to exist and one was thought to be lost forever. Leonard painted that masterpiece, called "Salvator Mundi" (Savior of the World) around 1500. It was owned by no less than three kings and, in 1763, it disappeared. This video tells the story of that incredible painting, how it was rediscovered in 2005, and what happened when it went to auction at Christie's in November 2017.


Secret Histories of Rare Treasures spotlights the stories behind items that amaze historians, elude collectors, and intrigue audiences. Through original and never-before-seen footage, in-depth archival research, and expert interviews, Robb Report brings these awe-inspiring narratives to life. Developed in coordination with Robb Report’s editors and produced by the brand’s in-house custom-content and video agency Robb Report Studio, the editorial series explores the hidden lives of extremely rare and amazingly valuable items often found in the pages of Robb Report.

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[This portion was originally from the CCNA blog - entitled 'Disciplina Etrusca' by Voltumna - May 31, 2015]

This band named itself after the supreme god of the Etruscan pantheon, "Voltumna" (also called "Veltha"), which I just covered a bit on the other blog ('Etruscan women, mythology, and the god Veltha'). Black Metal music is a lot like the old Heavy Metal music in that some of it is truly good, while most you would probably have to really like the genre to appreciate. This particular song wouldn't be my first choice to promote, but I love the theme! The 'Disciplina Etrusca' was the text of ancient Etruscan polytheism, which was made up of the three "books of fate."

Beyond the larger Black Metal genre, are the sub-genres of "Celtic Black Metal," "Viking Black Metal," etc., etc. One thing this music offers is a clear link to folk-identity, in this case "Etruscan Black Metal." The band's lyrical theme is defined as "Etruscan Paganism, Mythology, Modern Decay"; and it's genre as Black/Death Metal. This additionally suggests a type of Gothic element to it. Dark symbolism can be beautiful, and could be an outlet for people, primarily younger people, who feel alienated by society.

This song is brand new; just released today in fact. The band is from Viterbo, Latium, and has been around since 2009. Viterbo was one of the city-states of the Etruscan civilization. In a Western society which makes a special point to squash identity (individual and collective), I think it's great that people can turn to their ancestors for inspiration and strength. It's not just Black Folk Metal, but there are many other genres which are folk-oriented in this manner. I mean something a little beyond a band merely playing folk music from a certain culture. There's often a rebel-aspect to it. 

If you don't like Black Metal, maybe seek out some of the other types of music within this concept. There's one band from Sardinia called Atrium Animae which is under a genre called "Atmospheric Neoclassical Darkwave," which is hauntingly beautiful.. and is based on what appears to be a Medieval Catholic style. There is Irish Black Metal, Odinic music of many sounds, Slavic, you name it. You might find something you like within one of these folk-spiritual-identity sub-genres.

I like music of just about every texture and harmony, but I don't like "sad music." There are enough things in this life to be sad or depressed about; especially when we lose people. Something inspirational is great, especially when there's that blood-folk connection with a spiritual tie-in. Black Metal is almost like fighting music. Perhaps we need some of that in our lives, because often life is a war. Evolutionary struggle.

Voltumna official website

Voltumna YouTube channel band profile

Voltumna facebook (official; in Italian mostly)

Voltumna facebook (in English)


Saturday, April 27, 2019

What did Leonardo da Vinci's "Last Supper" really look like?

What did Leonardo da Vinci's "Last Supper" really look like? | DW Documentary

Published on Apr 18, 2019


DW Documentary

Leonardo's famous painting "The Last Supper" hides a secret: only 20 percent of the original work is still visible.

In the style of a thriller, the documentary attempts to reconstruct what it originally looked like. Leonardo da Vinci was the epitome of the Renaissance Man. May 2019 marks the 500th anniversary of his death. The artist created world-famous works such as the fresco "The Last Supper" - perhaps the most famous. It is still in its original setting, on the wall of the dining room of the former Dominican convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan.

The painting, which is 4.60 meters high and 8.80 meters wide, has been undergoing restoration for the last 19 years. But the restorers now know that only 20 percent of the original is visible today. So what did something that is the focus of so many legends originally look like? Our investigation also takes us to the small Belgian abbey of Tongerlo, where a mysterious copy of da Vinci's work has been discovered. It is a painting on canvas that could have been commissioned from da Vinci’s workshop by the French King Louis XII. It has perhaps brought the researchers a step closer to the truth.


Monday, April 1, 2019

Sophmore guard from Bologna shines for Texas Tech

'No. 3 Texas Tech Upsets No. 1 Gonzaga for First Trip to Final Four'

Texas Tech 75, Gonzaga 69

By Billy Witz - New York Times - March 30, 2019

ANAHEIM, Calif. — The Texas Tech men’s basketball team carries around a mantra like a chip on its shoulder: The secret’s in the dirt. It is a particularly appealing message — that success is usually found by getting your hands in the muck — especially to the ears of basketball mutts and vagabonds, and a star whose own father questioned why he would want to stay home in Lubbock.

So when a moment of truth arrived on Saturday, and top-seeded Gonzaga — with its free-flowing offense and shotmakers all over the court — readied for a final charge, the Red Raiders found success by doing what they do best: digging in.

The Red Raiders, leaning on their defense as they have all season, clamped down on Gonzaga and rode a pair of ice-cold 3-pointers from Davide Moretti and some cool free-throw shooting to a 75-69 victory in the West Region final of the N.C.A.A. tournament.

The win sends No. 3 Texas Tech to the Final Four in Minneapolis, the first trip in team history.



'Davide Moretti led Texas Tech to the Final Four after his family flew in from Italy'


Sunday, March 31, 2019

Lamborghini Huracan; Murcielago LP640

Here's Why the Lamborghini Huracan Is Worth $250,000


Doug DeMuro



I drove a Lamborghini Huracan to find out why it's worth $250,000. Here's what I discovered.

Here's Why the Lamborghini Murcielago LP640 Is Worth $215,000


Doug DeMuro


The Lamborghini Murcielago LP640 has retained a lot of its original value. So I drove one to find out exactly why this is.

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Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Antonio Vivaldi. Concerto in A Minor, RV 522, Op. 3, No. 8

Папа Ген

Antonio Vivaldi

Concerto in A Minor, RV 522, Op. 3, No. 8

I. Allegro 00:00
II. Larghetto e spiritoso 03:34
III. Allegro 07:10

Café Zimmermann
Pablo Valetti, violon & Konzertmeister

Recorded in 11/2012 in Grand Théâtre de Provence (Aix-en-Provence), France


"Cafe Zimmermann" was actually the location, very close to one of the Churches he worked at, where Bach took his BELOVED coffee.  He and his children also performed at the Cafe (and were paid for it) by Zimmermann. There was incredible demand for these concerts at the coffee house and Bach himself could not satisfy the demand for the performances, so he often sent his children (who were consummate musicians as well) to play.  There is every indication that Bach loved coffee as much as sex.

-- San Jose Mike, YouTube user


L'estro armonico


 Vivaldi I'm a big fan girl , please come to Germany

-- Honeymoon, YouTube user

[58 replies]


Thursday, February 7, 2019

What on Earth Happened to the Old Europeans? Pre-Indo-European History of Europe

What on Earth Happened to the Old Europeans? Pre-Indo-European History of Europe


What happened to the Old European? Meaning the original people groups of Europe that inhabited the landmass before the arrival of the Indo-Europeans, a group which would later evolve into the vast majority of European nations we see today, from the Russians, Italians, Irish, Norwegians and Greeks.

Although precious little is known, there are clues left behind in the archaeology, genetics, linguistics and historical texts that have been passed down through the generations, which gives us a somewhat fuzzy picture of pre-historic Europe. Be sure to let me know your thoughts on the pre-Indo-European Europeans and let me know which culture you think is the most interesting. Thanks for watching!



Wednesday, February 6, 2019

What They Secretly Told Us During the Half-Time Show (Super Bowl 2019)

What They Secretly Told Us During the Half-Time Show (Super Bowl 2019)

Hacking the Headlines

I, Pet Goat II Video:


Freemasons, Kabbalists, Rosicrucians, Alchemists, Hermeticists, etc., all pretty much drink out've the same toilet. A couple of years ago, all of the institutions under their control---government, education, ad and marketing companies, the corporatocracy, banking, sports and entertainment, the great tax-exempt foundations, media monopolies---ALL at once (I don't believe in coincidences) launched "TRANGENDERMANIA" upon us. All it is, is a part of their religion called "the alchemical marriage"; essentially a mixing of male and female, such as the Baphomet. These are the nutjobs that have taken over our society, and this is just the start.

They're already in the early stages of normalizing zoophilia, pedophilia, and incest. If you haven't already seen it, watch the 1975 film 'The Rocky Horror Picture Show'. That film is the sum total of everything these people are about. It's an ancient rite. ONE world, ONE race, ONE gender, ONE government, ONE religion. The idea that this was "just some halftime show, who cares?" isn't really accurate or complete. When their not "entertaining" us with their religion, they're starting and funding both sides of wars, geo-engineering, raping the world economically,. demolishing cultures, and prepping/guilting us for a soon-to-be WORLD TAX.


Sunday, January 27, 2019

'Notre Dame To Cover Up Christopher Columbus Murals'

'Notre Dame To Cover Up Christopher Columbus Murals'

For Native Americans, the explorer’s impact was “nothing short of a catastrophe,” said John Jenkins, the university’s president.

Hayley Miller - Huffington Post - January 22, 2019

The University of Notre Dame will cover up a series of murals depicting Christopher Columbus amid backlash over the paintings’ stereotypical and inaccurate portrayal of Native Americans and their relationship with white European explorers, the school announced.

The 12 murals, painted by Luigi Gregori in the 1880s, adorn the entrance of the university’s Main Building, a busy throughway that houses administration offices and some classrooms, in South Bend, Indiana.

At the time of their creation, the paintings were intended to empower Catholic immigrants in America, but their message whitewashes the catastrophic impact European explorers had on native peoples, Notre Dame President John Jenkins wrote in a letter to members of the school’s community on Saturday.



Impact of the Spanish Empire still ignored

Christopher Columbus? Who was he? He was an agent of the Spanish Empire. His bosses were King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. If someone is killed or injured by a defective automobile design, do they sue some foreman overseeing the assembly line?..... or do they sue the owners of the company? This remains the fifty ton pink elephant in the living room that is never spoken about regarding this "issue" by the managed mainstream news. These "issues" are virtually always decided upon by people in high places and/or of great wealth who have organized and financed this Neo-Liberal agenda. Neo-Liberalism has little to do with what was once "the left," as they have embraced some of the most shocking far right wing financial, economic, and military movements for an entire generation now.

In another great irony, from the standpoint of the University of Notre Dame, Columbus was also concurrently a proxy representative of the Vatican. So using their own logic, maybe they should cover up all religious symbols? Why not cover up any Roman symbols or architecture since the Roman Empire invaded and dominated many people? How about just cover up the American flag? The Catholic imperial nations---Spain, Portugal, and France---were in league with the Catholic Church as they invaded the New World and massively partook in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. What ever happened to the saying "don't throw stones if you live in a glass house"..??

Queen Isabella was no mere figurehead following the lead of the King. She was directly involved in the Spanish Inquisition; you know... "kicking the Muslims and Jews out've Spain." Lets face it, Notre Dame is a representative of the Catholic Church in America, therefore---using their own logic---are culpable for, for example, the rarely-discussed bloody genocide in Croatia in the middle of the last century where tens of thousands of people were outright murdered because "they happened to not be Catholic." Why can't all of us just sit down and take total inventory of all movements of genocidal and forced servitude in human history?; because there wouldn't be enough bags to cover everyone's heads... with the exception of the Tibetans I suppose.

Name virtually any race, ethnicity, religion or culture.. and I'll show you something in their history that is totally indefensible.... even ones who may be labeled as victims by this agenda. Notre Dame wants to erase history, but is stone silent about two thousand years of Catholic imperial aggression. This isn't my issue... they're the ones who've now entered the arena of historical blame, guilt, and punishment! The Bible says that homosexuality is---to say the least---very bad. Okay, using their own logic, maybe it's time to ban the Bible from the Notre Dame campus? It's clearly a homophobic book and obviously must offend many of the students, right?? There certainly must be more homosexuals among the student body than there are Native Americans. Why not cover up the Virgin Mary... as it may offend the Muslim students. The great old American double-standard is alive and well.

P.S. - I have some very serious doubts that Notre Dame President John Jenkins sympathizes with the Catholic immigrants of that time period. I guess him being a Catholic official, gives him the right to discriminate against Irish, Italian, and Slavic Catholics.

What did the guy who lost his job say? He said "I didn't really lose my job. Some other guy has it now."

Notre Dame to cover up murals of Columbus in New World



Thursday, January 10, 2019

Luigi Galvani - "the pioneer of bioelectromagnetics" - Romagnol ancestry

Luigi Galvani



Luigi Galvani

Luigi Aloisio Galvani:: [9 September 1737 – 4 December 1798) was an Italian physician, physicist, biologist and philosopher, who discovered animal electricity. He is recognized as the pioneer of bioelectromagnetics. In 1780, he discovered that the muscles of dead frogs' legs twitched when struck by an electrical spark. This was one of the first forays into the study of bioelectricity, a field that still studies the electrical patterns and signals from tissues such as the nerves and muscles.

Galvani's wife Lucia Galeazzi Galvani encouraged his independent research, and served as a counselor and guide for his experiments until her death. Due to the conventions of the time she wasn't credited for any scientific work she may have done in the lab. She grew up with science and her father was a prominent member of the Bologna Academy of Science.

Piazza del Popolo in Cesena, Romagna

Galvani vs. Volta

[Luigi Galvani vs. Alessandro Volta]

[Similar to the dueling wizards "Tesla vs. Edison"]

Volta, a professor of experimental physics in the University of Pavia, was among the first scientists who repeated and checked Galvani’s experiments. At first, he embraced animal electricity. However, he started to doubt that the conductions were caused by a specific electricity intrinsic to animal's legs or other body parts. Volta believed that the contractions depended on the metal cable Galvani used to connect the nerves and muscles in his experiments.

Volta's investigations led shortly to the invention of an early battery. Galvani believed that the animal electricity came from the muscle in its pelvis. Volta, in opposition, reasoned that the animal electricity was a physical phenomenon caused by rubbing frog skin and not a metallic electricity.

Every cell has a cell potential; biological electricity has the same chemical underpinnings as the current between electrochemical cells, and thus can be duplicated outside the body. Volta's intuition was correct. Volta, essentially, objected to Galvani’s conclusions about "animal electric fluid", but the two scientists disagreed respectfully and Volta coined the term "Galvanism" for a direct current of electricity produced by chemical action. Thus, owing to an argument between the two in regard to the source or cause of the electricity, Volta built the first battery in order to specifically disprove his associate's theory. Volta's “pile” became known therefore as a voltaic pile.

After the controversy with Volta, Galvani kept a low profile partly because of his attitude towards the controversy, and partly because his health and spirits had declined, especially after the death of his wife, Lucia, in 1790.

Since Galvani was reluctant to intervene in the controversy with Volta, he trusted his nephew, Giovanni Aldini, to act as the main defender of the theory of animal electricity.

Galvani vs. Volta [36:35 to 53:41]