Tuesday, November 8, 2016

San Francisco's new Salesforce Tower to be the secend tallest building west of the Mississippi - Part 2


Developer Hines, with a proposal by architect César Pelli, was selected as the winner of a global competition in 2007 to entitle and purchase the site. A seven-member jury of development experts assembled by the Transbay Joint Powers Authority (TJPA) selected Hines over proposals from Forest City Enterprises and architect Richard Rogers; and from Rockefeller Development Group Corp. and Skidmore Owings & Merrill. In 2012, Boston Properties acquired a 50% stake in the project and in 2013 acquired most of Hines' remaining interest to become 95% owners of the project.

The site of the tower was in a dilapidated area, formerly used as a ground-level entrance to the San Francisco Transbay Terminal, which was demolished in 2011. The TJPA sold the parcel to Boston Properties and Hines for US$192 million, and ceremonial groundbreaking for the new tower occurred on March 27, 2013. Actual below-grade construction work started in late 2013. The general contractor on the project is a joint venture between Clark Construction and Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction.

César Pelli - Argentine-American of Cisalpine descent
The development was originally contracted on "spec", meaning the developer/owner did not have a major tenant lease secured beforehand. On April 11, 2014, Salesforce.com announced that it signed a lease for 714,000 square feet (66,300 m2) on floors 1, 3-30, and 61 to become the building's anchor tenant. Previously known as the Transbay Tower, the building was renamed Salesforce Tower. The lease was valued at US$560 million over 15 and a half years starting in 2017.

The tower is expected to be completed in 2018 and will have 61 floors, with a decorative crown reaching 1,070 ft (326 m). The original proposal called for a 1,200-foot (370 m) tower, but the height was later reduced. It will be the tallest building in San Francisco, surpassing the Transamerica Pyramid by more than 200 feet (61 m). The tower is expected to become the second tallest building in the Western United States. The tower is expected to be completed in 2018 and will have 61 floors, with a decorative crown reaching 1,070 ft (326 m). The original proposal called for a 1,200-foot (370 m) tower, but the height was later reduced. It will be the tallest building in San Francisco, surpassing the Transamerica Pyramid by more than 200 feet (61 m). The tower is expected to become the second tallest building in the Western United States.

One Canada Square, London
List of works by César Pelli

This list of works by César Pelli categorizes the architect's work. Pelli has established an extremely prolific career in the span of four decades, and has designed some of the tallest buildings in the world. The following are some of his major constructions:


1966: Worldway Postal Center, Los Angeles International Airport
1967: Kukui Gardens housing, Honolulu, Hawaii

1969: San Bernardino City Hall, San Bernardino, California
1969: Century City Medical Plaza, Century City, Los Angeles, with architect Anthony J. Lumsden.

1972: US Embassy in Tokyo, Japan
1973: Commons Centre and Mall, Columbus, Indiana

1973: Eaton's Department Store, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
1975: Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles

1977: Wintergarden Arboretum, Niagara Falls, New York, USA (demolished in 2009)
1981–1987: World Financial Center, New York City, New York, USA
1982–1984: Herring Hall at Rice University, Houston, Texas

1984: Residential Tower atop the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York City
1984–1986: Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Mattatuck Museum Arts and History Center renovation, Waterbury, Connecticut
Blumenthal Performing Arts Center, Charlotte, North Carolina
1987–1990: Carnegie Hall Tower, New York City, New York, USA
Maryland Residence, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
One Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London, England, UK
1988: Wells Fargo Center (formerly Norwest Center), Minneapolis, Minnesota
1989: Gaviidae Common, Minneapolis, Minnesota

1990: Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan
1990: Roy Nutt Mathematics, Engineering & Computer Science Center at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut
1990: 181 West Madison Street, Chicago
A 50-story skyscraper thought to be inspired by Saarinen's second place entry in Chicago's Tribune Tower competition

1991: Key Tower, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
1991: 777 Tower, Los Angeles, California
1991: Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York

1992: Bank of America Corporate Center, Charlotte, North Carolina
1992: Plaza Tower, Costa Mesa, California
1993: Worrell Professional Center, Wake Forest University School of Law, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Cajasol Tower, Spain
1994: Physics and Astronomy Building, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
1995: Aronoff Center for Performing Arts, Cincinnati, Ohio

1995: 100 North Main Street (formerly Wachovia Center), Winston-Salem, North Carolina
1996: Edificio República, Buenos Aires, Argentina
1996: Residencial del Bosque, Mexico City, Mexico

1996: Owens Corning World Headquarters, Toledo, Ohio, USA
1997: Expansion of Washington National Airport, Washington, D.C.
1998: Overture Center, Madison, Wisconsin
1998: Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
1998: Schuster Center, Dayton, Ohio, USA
1999: Cheung Kong Center, Hong Kong
1999: Zurich tower office building in The Hague, Netherlands
2000: Kurayoshi Park Square, Kurayoshi, Japan
2000: Boston Bank Building, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2000: KABC-TV, Los Angeles, California
2001: Citigroup Centre, 25 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London
2001: Bucksbaum Center for the Arts at Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
2001: Athletic and Fitness Center at Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
2001: The Investment Building, Washington, D.C.
2002: JP MorganChase Building, San Francisco
2002: Weber Music Hall at University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota
2002: Former Enron Headquarters at 1500 Louisiana Street, Houston
2003: Gerald Ratner Athletics Center at University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
2003: Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong
2003: Center for Drama and Film & the Martel Theater at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York
2003: 25 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, Docklands, London
2003: 40 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, Docklands, London
2003: Benjamin & Mariam Schuster Performing Arts Center, Dayton, Ohio
2004: Goldman Sachs Tower, Jersey City, New Jersey
2004 Campus University Siglo 21, Córdoba, Argentina

Kurajoshi Park Square, Japan
2005: Cira Centre, Philadelphia
2005: Malone Engineering Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
2006: Theodore Roosevelt Federal Building Eastern District Courthouse, Brooklyn, New York

2006: Science and Engineering Research and Classroom Complex at University of Houston, Houston

2006: Minneapolis Public Library's Central branch, Minneapolis
2006: Joe Rosenfield '25 Center, Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
2006: Renée and Henry Segerstrom Concert Hall, Segerstrom Center For The Arts, Orange County Performing Arts Center, Costa Mesa, California
2006: Thomas E. Golden Jr. Center, St. Thomas More Catholic Chapel and Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
2006: Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, Miami
2006: Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, Wisconsin
2008: BOK Center, Tulsa, Oklahoma

2008: One Park West, Liverpool, England
2008: Torre de Cristal, Madrid, Spain
2008: Repsol-YPF Building, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2008: St. Regis Residences and Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico
2008: Business Instructional Facility, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Illinois

2009: Cooperative Arts and Humanities High School, New Haven, Connecticut
2009: Connecticut Science Center, Hartford, Connecticut
2009: Aria Resort and Casino, the central feature of CityCenter, Las Vegas
2010: Shanghai IFC, Pudong, sister project of Two International Finance Centre in Hong Kong
2010: Torre Mesoamericana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico
2011: New Airport Terminal Building (Phase 1), Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport, Winnipeg, Canada

2011: Iberdrola Tower, office building, Bilbao, Spain
2013: The Landmark, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
2013: The Theatre School, DePaul University, Chicago
2015: Cameron and Edward Lanphier Center, Choate Rosemary Hall, Wallingford, Connecticut


Monday, November 7, 2016

San Francisco's new Salesforce Tower to be the secend tallest building west of the Mississippi - Part 1

Salesforce Tower

Salesforce Tower, formerly known as the Transbay Tower, is a 1,070 ft (326 m) supertall office skyscraper under construction in the South of Market district of downtown San Francisco. Located at 415 Mission Street between First and Fremont Streets, next to the Transbay Transit Center site, Salesforce Tower is the centerpiece of the San Francisco Transbay redevelopment plan that contains a mix of office, transportation, retail, and residential uses. When completed, the tower will be the tallest in San Francisco and a defining building in the burgeoning South of Market area. With a top roof height of 970 feet (300 m) and an overall height of 1,070 feet (330 m), it will be the second tallest building west of the Mississippi River after the Wilshire Grand Center in Los Angeles.

Cira Centre, Philadelphia
César Pelli

Born: October 12, 1926 (age 90)
San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina

Nationality: Argentine – United States citizen

Occupation: Architect

Awards: Doctor of Arts, CTBUH Skyscraper Award, The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award

Practice: Pelli Clarke Pelli

Design: Metallic, art deco-influenced buildings


Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur

Key Tower, Cleveland

Cira Centre, Philadelphia

30 Hudson Street, Jersey City

1 Canada Square, London

Riverview Plaza, Wuhan

Pelli in 2010
César Pelli (born October 12, 1926), founder of Pelli Clarke Pelli, is an Argentine American architect known for designing some of the world's tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. In 1991, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) listed Pelli among the ten most influential living American architects. His many awards include the 1995 AIA Gold Medal which recognizes a body of work of lasting influence on the theory and practice of architecture. Perhaps his most famous work are the Petronas Twin Towers, which were for a time the world's tallest buildings. He also designed the World Financial Center complex in downtown Manhattan.

Personal life

After studying architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Pelli completed his studies at the School of Architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He started his career in the New Haven offices of architect Eero Saarinen.

He emigrated to the United States in 1952 and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1964. He married Diana Balmori, a landscape and urban designer. They have two children: Denis, a neurobiologist and Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University and Rafael Pelli, also well-known architect.

Pelli served as dean of the School of Architecture at Yale University from 1977 to 1984. His firm employs about 100 architects, designers, and support staff in New Haven, Connecticut.

Petronas Towers, Malaysia
Awards and honors

In 2004, his famous work Petronas Towers of Kuala Lumpur received the Aga Khan Award.

On May 15, 2004 the University of Minnesota Duluth awarded Pelli an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters.

On May 26, 2008, Yale University bestowed an honorary Doctor of Arts degree to Pelli for his work in architecture.

He received the The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat in 2008 to honor his work in the field of tall buildings.

In 2012, Konex Foundation from Argentina, granted him the Diamond Konex Award for Visual Arts as the most important artist in the last decade in his country.



Project Designer, Eero Saarinen

      TWA Terminal Building, John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York    

      City, New York

      Morse College & Ezra Stiles College, Yale University

Director of Design at Daniel, Mann, Johnson & Mendenhall, Los Angeles, California

      COMSAT Laboratories, in Clarksburg, Maryland, 1967–1968 (with landscape

      architect Lester Collins)

Partner, Gruen Associates, Los Angeles, 1968–1976

Cesar Pelli and Associates, 1977, currently known as Pelli, Clarke, Pelli, Architects

Key Tower, Cleveland

1982: "Skyscrapers," Perspecta 18, pp. 134–151.

1984: Introduction to The Second Generation by Esther McCoy (Peregrine Smith Books)

1999: Observations for Young Architects (Monacelli Press)

2002: Foreword to Ralph Rapson: Sketches and Drawings from Around the World by Ralph Rapson (Afton Historical Society Press)

External links

Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects