Thursday, January 28, 2021

USA's Faye Gulini wins two silver medals in Snowboard Cross World Cup, Valmalenco, Lombardia



USA's Faye Gulini vaults to silver in Snowboard Cross World Cup, Valmalenco, Italy | NBC Sports

January 23, 2021

NBC Sports

1.46M subscribers

American Faye Gulini places second in the Women's Big Final at the FIS Snowboard Cross World Cup event in Chiesa in Valmalenco. Italian Michela Moioli finished first.


Jumpin Pics: "Epic event and congrats to the riders"

Justice Unity: "Nice job ladies! Looks like so much fun!"

Mike0000: ❤️

James Viice: "Get 'em girl"

TRUNG NGUYEN: "Let's go, Faye Gulini!"

Max Power: "Yes, this is an Olympic sport."




Faye Gulini

Faye Gulini (born March 24, 1992) is a professional American snowboarder born in Salt Lake City, Utah. She competes for the US Snowboarding Team in the disciplines of snowboard cross, slopestyle and halfpipe. She is a three-time Olympian (2010, 2014, 2018).



Faye Gulini (


Faye Gulini (International Ski Federation)




In photo finish, Faye Gulini of USA grabs second silver in two days at SBX World Cup | NBC Sports

January 24, 2021

NBC Sports

1.46M subscribers

American Faye Gulini comes up second to Czech Eva Samkova in a photo finish at the FIS Snowboarding World Cup in Valmalenco, Italy on Sunday.




Believe it or not, the Winter Olympics is a years away, in China. Gulini is Marchese origin.


Thursday, December 31, 2020

Dragon's Teeth of Vallo Alpino


                            'The Alpine Wall - Italy'

A line of abandoned, alien-like fortresses dot the mountains of North Italy


Similar to the Maginot line of France, the Alpine Wall was built as a defense for Italy in preparation for World War II. There was concern that the natural defense of North Italy’s mountainous terrain was not enough as tensions rose with its neighbors along the top of the “boot”—France, Switzerland, Austria and the former Yugoslavia.

The mountains were enhanced with lookout posts and fortifications all along the passes, stretching over 1,100 miles. The Alpine Wall fortifications varied between three designs: large mountainside forts, rallying points and bunkers, and point-defense fortifications. Many of these can still be seen today.

con't (see images)....



I saw this subject featured a few days ago on a 2018 episode of 'Mysteries of the Abandoned' (Science Channel) entitled 'Doomsday at Dragon's Teeth'. This elaborate defense system was constructed in 1931, and reflects how Mussolini did not trust Hitler at that point.




 Video: The dragon teeth of Pian dei Morti

In the Val Venosta valley, between the borders of Italy and Austria, a weir system was built during WWII, the heart of which was a tank barrier. We will take a closer look at this barrier, as well as the various bunkers which lie 550 meters above Resia. On the way there we enjoy a pleasant, circular hike and inspect the source of the river Adige, the biggest river in South Tyrol.



Vallo alpino in Alto Adige


Sbarramento Pian dei Morti


Alpenwall - Vallo Alpino - Kreuzbergpass - Mussolinis Festungslinie - Teil 1

Willi seiner

Mussolinis Festungslinie

Der Alpenwall in Südtirol ist der Abschnitt des Vallo Alpino (deutsch Alpenwall), der in den Jahren von 1938 bis 1942


Alpenwall in Südtirol


Monday, November 30, 2020

'The Italian highlanders who may have Scottish roots'

'The Italian highlanders who may have Scottish roots'

Dany Mitzman - BBC News - August 10, 2017

Thousands of Italians emigrated to Scotland in the 20th Century, but it seems that 400 years earlier a group of Scots may have settled in a village in the Italian Alps. So local legend has it… And there are plenty of signs to suggest that maybe, just maybe, it's true.

High up in the mountains of northern Italy, just a few kilometres from the Swiss border, the people of the tiny village of Gurro speak a strange dialect, incomprehensible even to the other villages in the same valley.

They have peculiar surnames, and the women's traditional costume features a patterned underskirt that looks suspiciously like tartan.

One possible explanation is that their forefathers include a unit of Scottish soldiers - the Garde Ecossaise - who served the French King, Francis I, and were defeated with him at the Battle of Pavia, near Milan, in February 1525.

The story goes that while trying to make their way home the Scots stopped in Gurro, where they got snowed in for the winter. Many locals believe they never left.

"I've heard talk about this story since I was a child," says Alma Dresti, who was born and bred in Gurro.

"I know it's probably at least part legend but I like to believe in it and I do think there could be some truth in it.

"I like to imagine those strapping young soldiers trying to return home, stopping here, and liking it so much they stayed even once spring had come."






Related articles

Related videos

Related images



Scottish Heritage Fest in Gurro/Lake Maggiore/Italy


People of the Piemontese village of Gurro near Lake Maggiore in Northern Piemont are celebrating their Scottish heritage



'Welcome to Gurro: a Scottish village in the Italian Alps'

Patrick Browne - The Local (Italy) in English - March 2, 2016

Gurro was populated by Scottish soldiers 500 years ago, who left traces of their culture everywhere.

When Italy played Scotland in a Six Nations rugby game on Saturday, the residents of Gurro, a tiny town perched in the hills above Lake Maggiore, were left feeling divided.

“But most of us support Scotand, especially in the rugby, and we were pleased they won,” Adolofo Nicolussi, who works as a volunteer in Gurro's ethnographic museum, tells The Local.

But Scottishness among the town's 221 inhabitants runs deeper than mere sports affiliation.

Kilt-wearing Italians sip espresso at the Scottish Association bar, which doubles-up as a welcome centre for visitors.

Residents also have a strange, incomprehensible dialect and penchant for playing bagpipes full-blast.

Even some of their surnames, including Gibi, Pattriti and Donaldi, are just Italianized forms of Gibbs, Fitzpatrick and MacDonald.

"The parish register is full of them," 75-year-old Nicolussi said.



Tartan as a new loan word

Many languages have adopted the word "clan," which is of Scottish origin, meaning "people of a common heritage." Another word of Scottish origin which would work well as a loan word is "tartan." Just like clan, which refers to the old clans of the Scottish Highlands, tartans are the unique plaid design symbols for each of the clans/territories. A tartan could be used to represent the symbolism for any smaller regional community. The various mountain communities of the Italian Alps, or even the Apennine Mountains, are similar to the concept of the Scottish Highland clans. The Val Camonica has both the Camunian rose and the arms of its biggest city Breno (above) which also serves as symbol of the region. This seems like a type of Tartan, distinct from the surrounding mountain communities (Valtellina, Val Seriana, etc.).

Also, the history of the Scottish Highland resistance to foreign (in past centuries) English Monarchical rule is similar to the long history of Italian Alpine resistance to the Roman State (Tropaeum Alpium), and also to resistance to German rule (Barbarossa; Five Days of Milan). I don't 100% hang my hat on that, as so often in human history... today's freedom fighter is tomorrows oppressor. However, there are some strong similarities at work here. Another word that is related is the Latin/Roman "vexillum," a Roman military standard or banner, especially one of a maniple. The story of the Alpine Piedmontese village of Gurro reminds me of other similar stories, such as the Cimbrian villages of the Veneto Alps, or the Confederados of Sao Paulo Province in Brazil.



Il Cirrcolo Degli Scozzesi

"Il Cirrcolo Degli Scozzesi" is a local pub, and it means "Circle of Scots."

 Image caption from above: Gurro's "Scottish social club" (the bar) is situated opposite the church



Friday, October 23, 2020

Dolomites in Belluno district, Veneto - Currently featured on Windows 10 Spotlight


Croda da Lago e Lastoi de Formin mountains, Dolomites, Belluno district, Veneto, Italy



The image above is:

Croda da Lago Mountains in the Cortina Dolomites Range.

These are separate from and on the west side of the Lastoni di Formin Mountains.

They are located in Belluno Province in the Veneto District (Region), Italy.

The name of the image should be:

“Croda da Lago Mountains, Cortina Dolomites Range, Belluno Province, Veneto District (Region), Italy”


-- Mark


Wednesday, September 2, 2020

12 Times Lionel Messi Surprised the World!


12 Times Lionel Messi Surprised the World!

67,661,006 views - August 11, 2018

JN Football

12 occasions where Lionel Messi Stunned the world of football throughout his career, winning Ballon d'Or, scoring crucial goals, impossible dribbling skills & more.



"cristiano ronaldo is great, but messi is...just...legendary." -- Alejandro Miranda

"BEST OF ALL TIME - LEO MESSI." -- Kimberly Sabillion

"When your grandchildren ask you who  is the Greatest footballer you ever seen anyone who says anyone other than Messi hasn’t been paying attention" -- Alayas Mahmood

"Sometimes I watch Messi video to make me feel happy when I'm sad" -- Sievpao Bun


Lionel Messi is originally from Rosario towards the south of Argentina; a city of well over a million inhabitants, with a large Cisalpine descended population... especially with roots in Liguria. He is of Marchese ancestry with some roots in Catalonia where he has played for many years.




Mrs. Lionel Messi Is FIRE! Meet Antonella Roccuzzo

1,119,372 views - November 26, 2016

The Fumble

You can argue that Lionel Messi is the best soccer player in the world, so it's only fitting that his bae is the hottest WAG in the game right now. We can't get enough of her, and it seems Lionel can't either, because their love story is straight out of a fairy tale. Lionel fell in love with Antonella when he was just nine years old. The soccer star had written letters to Roccuzzo, stating that she'd be his girlfriend one day.

While she had friendzoned Messi for many years, tragic circumstances brought the pair closer together, and they've been inseparable ever since. They have two children together, and appear to be living in their happily ever after.



"Messi is a lucky man. She's loyal and has been with him since the beginning. She's not one of those gold diggers" -- King Dami

"She looks sexy in pink bikini...♥️ " -- Deep Magiya

"wow MESSI just wins at life
"arguably top 5 greatest of all time in his respective sport.
"Married a childhood friend who happened to be really beautiful when she turn to an adult and his net worth is 223 million" -- Jose Carrera

"In my humble, honest opinion, she is literally one of the most gorgeous women I have seen in 36yrs." -- Kristi Stevens

"WOW!!....She is  an absolute Goddess!!.......lucky guy!" -- John C


Monday, August 31, 2020

'Missa Papae Marcelli' by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina


Palestrina, Missa Papae Marcelli. The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips

1,590,232 views - January 6, 2014

Mnemósine Amnésica

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (Palestrina, 1525 - Roma, 1594),

Missa Papae Marcelli

The Tallis Scholars,
Peter Phillips, director
The Palestrina 400 Collection

[00,01→]  Kyrie
[04,44→]  Gloria
[11,00→]  Credo
[20,54→]  Sanctus et Benedictus
[28,33→]  Agnus Dei 1 et 2


Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina:

Missa Papae Marcelli:

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571 - 1610)

Music in this video

"Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli - 1: Kyrie"

"Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli - 2: Gloria"

"Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli - 3: Credo"

"Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli - 4: Sanctus and Benedictus"

"Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli - 5: Agnus Dei"


"Modern "church music" is mere "campfire songs" by comparison" -- The Drake

"Sometimes I feel down, but music like this reminds me that there's much more good in the world than bad." -- Kyrie

"When I hear Palestrina, I believe in God once again." -- raphael18ify



Palestrina, Missa Brevis. The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips

227,768 views - January 12, 2014

Mnemósine Amnésica

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (Palestrina, 1525 - Roma, 1594),
Missa Brevis
The Tallis Scholars,
Peter Phillips, director
The Palestrina 400 Collection

[00,01→] 1. Palestrina - Missa Brevis - Kyrie
[02,52→] 2. Palestrina - Missa Brevis - Gloria
[05,58→] 3. Palestrina - Missa Brevis - Credo
[11,23→] 4. Palestrina - Missa Brevis - Sanctus et Benedictus.
[15,56→] 5. Palestrina - Missa Brevis - Agnus Dei

Music in this video

"Palestrina: Missa brevis - 1: Kyrie"

"Palestrina: Missa brevis - 2: Gloria"

"Palestrina: Missa brevis - 3: Credo"

"Palestrina: Missa brevis - 4: Sanctus and Benedictus"

"Palestrina: Missa brevis - 5: Agnus Dei I & II"


Missa brevis


Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Ancestry DNA testing: Confusion, truths, and fantasies

Ancestry DNA testing has come around now in a time of materialism, ego, instant gratification, attention seeking, socio-political agendas, and a lack of knowledge about history, so it should be of no surprise that there have been some problem areas. The first problem is that people can't truly even read and comprehend the tests. These "ancestry groupings" are somewhat arbitrary, and mix sub-markers of both very ancient and more contemporary admixtures into single groupings. For example, lets just say that my test showed that I'm 6% from "Turkey." That would not mean that I have Turkic DNA. The land now known as Turkey was once basically of varying regions, eras, and mixtures of proto-European, Mediterranean, Greek, Roman, and a type of Celtic people. In other words, European. Only about 900 years ago was it overwhelmed by Turkic tribes and took on a Turkic, Islamic, and non-European identity. However, on the test they don't make any before-and-after distinction for that 1,100 CE racial timeline change. The subject is just left to scratch their heads and say "I guess I'm part Turkish" and apply a false mindset.

One of the common features from test results of Mexican, Puerto Rican and most other Latin American origins is that those people are virtually always at least partly Iberian. Within that Iberian DNA structure is a proto-European link with the British Isles. This pretty much is not related to the overall root stock of today, but of very ancient origin. Proto-Europeans were not Teutonic or Mediterranean, but the stock of the first Europeans; for example, the Basques or the Welsh. Still, there's the "BRITISH???" reaction from the test subjects. Just like the vast majority of people, they simply cannot process the results properly because they don't really know what they're reading. For some reason, whatever that particular conflated Iberian-British sub-marker is.... it was placed under the "British" category in the results. The Puerto Rican guy's "British" ancestors probably didn't look like Sting or David Bowie, or what we would perceive as modern day root stock British.

It probably should be noted that there's a significant difference between racially-mixed and ethnically-mixed. Someone who is Irish and Ukrainian is ethnically-mixed; someone who is Irish and Mestizo is racially-mixed. On one Ancestry By DNA commercial, a Mexican woman said she just thought she was "Hispanic," whatever that meant to her. After taking the test she was so overwhelmed that she said "I'm everything!" She probably misinterpreted most of it. For example, the Iberian component might seem to reflect an exotic mix when that may not necessarily be the whole truth. For example her possible ancient Briton, Phoenician or Greek admixture would not be the same as her Mayan or Congolese admixture. She was basically Mestiza with perhaps 7% West African admixture; it's not really that complicated. In other words, certainly in today's world, there are a lot of DNA markers which reflect a similar ethnic origin or type anyway.

Since the ancient Etruscans were known to have migrated from the region now known as Anatolia in Turkey, this presents another problem in test results. Those people who later became known as the Etruscans were obviously an intelligent, creative, and successful people; these "Anatolian" Mediterraneans may have branched out in other directions. Therefore there could be people in say the near east who could take a test and it would show the "Italy/Greece" or "Italian" trace marker. It's possible that it could be from some ancient Roman colonizers, but I have no doubt that sometimes it could be the conflation of modern Tuscan DNA with "ancient Anatolian." In other words, that person's ancestors never stepped foot on the Italian peninsula, but they have that particular DNA maker from people whose progeny came to be the Tuscans at a later point in history!

There's usually a reason for everything. For example, a Puerto Rican could discover that they're part "Italian," and not just a trace amount from "Roman Spain." For some reason, long ago there were some immigrants from Corsica, Sardinia, and Ireland into Puerto Rico... but they did not remain a separate people, but merged with the local population mix. It probably should be noted that most of "Italy and Greece" are closely DNA linked, but not "Italy and Spain" despite the closer comparative linguistic link with Spain. DNA tests aren't always consistent. Sometimes siblings get different results. Sometimes smaller admixtures don't show up, or sometimes they're blown up on a test. In other words if someone was of a 3% admixture, the result might show it to be 10%. One test result in regards to an admixture stated "Your ethnicity estimate is 4%, but it can range from 0-20%." Doesn't sound very reliable, unless you took at least three tests and averaged them. There have been Nigerians who have taken the test, people whose families have always been Nigerians as far as they know. To their surprise they discover that they're only 30% Nigerian, with the rest being other regionally conflated DNA groupings that they don't even understand.

One of the absolute absurdities finally put to rest is Quentin Tarantino's "black Sicilian" myth from the film 'True Romance' from 1993... prior to the availability of these tests. Even though that had nothing much to do with our people, it was still a false narrative. Also, if you may recall, our people were mentioned in the script for that scene; something absurd like Sicilians were once all blonde haired and blue eyed just like in the north, then they were overrun by blacks. People actually believed that or wanted to believe it, especially if they didn't like Sicilians or Italians. As if there were never any Proto-Europeans or Mediterraneans, or even various darker skinned peoples to the south or east. Not that I think anyone really cares about that scene, but no part of it was generally true. I guess Tarantino assumed that Spanish or Arabs were already perceived to be mixed, but the scene could work within the context of white Sicilian criminals. For the record, I don't have any problem with Sicily or Sicilians; I just want a homeland specifically for our people--and only our people--just like the Jews and Japanese have. That's it.

One of the more interesting test results I've seen was one from a Coptic Egyptian woman. She truly was heavily of ancient Egyptian origin, probably without any significant change. She only had 0.7% European and 0.1% Sub-Saharan African. The Coptic Christians go straight back to ancient Egypt. It should be noted that there actually is a "North African" DNA category; totally separate from Sub-Saharan African. In other words, that particular DNA marker is not Sub-Saharan, but comes from the ancient migration of people from west Asia who after a long period of time developed genetic uniqueness. However, that's only in regards to that particular innate DNA category, not for the modern population of North Africa which is very mixed racially. Another important fact is that the DNA of specifically the Persian people (not the little dark Afghani types) clusters very closely with Europeans despite a long separation of time. Ancient Persians were the Aryans; there's no ifs, ans, or buts about it. They were of an ancient local Mediterranean and ancient north-Eurasian Teutonic mix. Admixtures to Persia/Iran have been relatively minor since that time.

The only truly strange admixture I ever saw was one Algerian woman who had a trace marker of Australian Aborigine. There are legends about the Phoenicians having traveled as far as Australia, but nobody really believed them. Well, maybe that's the proof that those legends are true.